LANCASHIRE, YORKSHIRE & CHESHIRE
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The Lancashire, Yorkshire & Cheshire Basset Hound Club (LYC BHC) is registered with the Kennel Club (KC) and abides by KC guidelines. It holds all its shows in accordance with KC rules and regulations and endorses the good canine practices that the KC promotes. The LYC BHC firmly believes in the KC slogan "fit for function, fit for life". It provides its members with the knowledge and education necessary to ensure that Basset Hounds live healthy and happy lives with well-informed and experienced owners.
Yorkshire - a brief history
The English Civil War started in 1642 when Charles I raised his royal standard in Nottingham. The split between Charles and Parliament was such that neither side was willing to back down over the principles that they held and war was inevitable as a way in which all problems could be solved. Yorkshire was divided during the English Civil War in 1642 with Hull shutting the gates of the city on the king, the North Riding was royalist area with York as its base. The royalist won the Battle of Adwalton Moor and with the Battle of Marston Moor finally won control of all the area.
In 1646, Charles surrendered to the Scots rather than to Parliament. He hoped to take advantage of the fact that the Scottish and Parliamentary alliance was fragile and could collapse at any time. In fact, the Scots took advantage of Charles and sold him to Parliament for £400,000 in January 1647. Charles was tried at Westminster Hall in January 1649, and found guilty that he had “traitorously and maliciously levied war against the present Parliament and the people therein represented.” Charles was executed on January 30th, 1649.
Yorkshire has had the most turbulent history of the three counties. Earliest inhabitants the Celts, there were two tribes, the Brigantes and the Parisii. The Brigantes resided in the North and West Ridings of Yorkshire, while the Parisii resided in the East Riding of Yorkshire. The Brigantes controlled the area even during the Roman conquest.
Emperor Constantius Chlorus died in Yorkshire during a visit in 306 AD. His son Constantine the Great was proclaimed Emperor in the city. By the 5th century the Roman rule ceased, and the troops withdrawn. The Vikings invaded in 866AD and ruled for around 100 years, they established a vast trading network with North West Europe, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. The Name York is derived from the Viking name of the kingdom of Jorvik.
Many famous battles have been fought on Yorkshire soil King Harold II won the Battle of Stamford Bridge only to be defeated by William the Conqueror in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings. From 1069 AD battles ensued York was burnt to the ground by the Normans who plundered and murdered indiscriminately, followed by the death of tens of thousands of peasants left to die from cold and hunger. The Normans built many abbeys and priories like the famous York Minster left. They established towns like Barnsley, Doncaster, Hull, Leeds, Scarborough, and Sheffield. The population of Yorkshire grew until hit by the Great Famine 1315 and 1322 and in 1349 it was reported that the Black Death had reached Yorkshire, when around a third of the population died.
History ran parallel with that of Lancashire when in 1399 when King Richard II was overthrown, both branches of the royal House of Plantagenet - the House of York and the House of Lancaster fought for the throne of England in a series of civil wars known as the War of the Roses. Hendy Tudor of the House of Lancaster defeated and killed Richard at the Battle of Bosworth Field. He became King Henry VII and married Elizabeth of York so ending the wars. To mark this peace the two roses of white and red were combined to form the Tudor Rose of England. In 1536 under Henry VIII uprisings known as Pilgrimage of Grace started in Yorkshire as a protest to the English Reformation and the Dissolution of the Monasteries right are the ruins of Whitby Abbey. Some continuing to practice the old religion were executed if caught.
Unlike its neighbour Lancashire, Yorkshire was a much larger area and like Lancashire had a fomidable textile industry but was known for wool rather than cotton. Water power helped the wool industry to thrive and during the 16th and 17th centuries Leeds and other wool industry centred towns continued to grow, along with Huddersfield, Hull and Sheffield. Coal mining first came into prominence in the West Riding of Yorkshire.Canals and turnpike roads were introduced in the late 18th century. The 19th century saw Yorkshire's continued growth, with the population growing and industrial growth continuing within those prominent industries in coal, textile and steel (especially in Sheffield).
The Victorian spa towns of Harrogate and Scarborough also flourished with impressive victorian buildings like that left, due to people believing mineral water had curing properties, however,despite the booming industry, living conditions declined in the industrial towns due to overcrowding, this saw bouts of cholera in both 1832 and 1848. Fortunately for the county, advances were made by the end of the century with the introduction of modern sewers and water supplies. Several Yorkshire railway networks were introduced as railways spread across the country to reach remote areas.County councils were created for the three ridings in 1889, but their area of control did not include the large towns, which became county boroughs, and included an increasing large part of the population.
There are many areas of interest in Yorkshire from the North York Moors and Yorkshire Dales National Parks, part of the Peak District National Park, Nidderdale and the Howardian Hills are all Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Spurn Point, Flamborough Head and coastal North York Moors are designated Heritage Coast areas which are noted for their scenic views and rugged cliffs. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds runs several nature reserves. Northern Gannet, Atlantic Puffin and Razorbill are to be found at Bempton Cliffs, whilst Peregrine Falcons can be found at Malham Cove. The National Parks in Yorkshire cover an area of 1762 square kilometers (680 square miles).
If nature is not your scene Yorkshire can boast the oldest seaside resort of Scarborough, dating back to the 17th century it was also one of the top spa towns. Whitby in the 18th century was known for its ship building and whaling. A seaside town has a beach, however it is very well known for Bram Stoker's Dracula books.The City of Leeds is Yorkshire’s largest city. Sheffield has always been associated with heavy industry such as coal mining and the steel industry and is most well known for its Sheffield Plate cutlery which adorns many of the tables of resturants and hotels worldwide. Sheffield has reinvented itself in recent times with the demise of its heavy industry it has been redeveloped and can now boast shopping malls and the like. Tourism plays a great part in the economy of the county having two very well known television programmes filmed there the comedy - Last of the Summer Wine and Emmerdale which began its life as Emmerdale Farm over 25 years ago. One of England's grandest Baroque mansions, designed for Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, it is Yorkshire's finest historic house & estate. Home to the Howard family for over 300 years, Castle Howard is a magnificent 18th-century residence set within 1,000 acres of breathtaking landscape
Because of its very successful transport network goods were transported from Hull and Whitby by canals such as the Leeds and Liverpool Canal which is the longest canal in England. Nowadays refurbished barges are available for hire and many thousand of people every year spend a leisurely holiday going up and down the canals and waterways. Sports have played a major part in Yorkshire, cricket, football, rugby league and horse racing being the most established. Yorkshire County Cricket Club in the County Championship holds a total of 30 championship titles, 12 more than any other county and is the most decorated county cricket club and who has not heard of that famous referee Mr Dickie Bird. In 1519 saw the first of England’s horse racing which is run each year at Kiplingcotes near Market Weighton. There are nine racecourses in the county. Britain’s oldest fox hunt founded in 1668. Fifa recognize Yorkshire as the official birth-place of club football. Sheffield FC was founded in 1857 and are certified as the oldest association football club in the world. Rugby League was founded in 1895 in Huddersfield.
There have been many famous people coming out of Yorkshire: - The Bronte sisters at Haworth where their former home is now a museum in their honour. Bram Stoker wrote Dracula whilst living in Whitby. Then more modern authors are J.B. Priestly, Alan Bennett, Barbara Taylor Bradford. Not forgetting James Herriot who wrote of his 50 years as a vet in Thirsk. There have been poets and well known sculptors, a visit to Yorkshire Sculpture Park should be on any visitors to do list. Yorkshire has a flourishing folk music culture with over forty folk clubs. In 2007 Yorkshire Garland Group was formed to ensure that folk songs were accessible online and in schools. Yorkshire has also produced many major composers of classical music. The county is often called the home of the brass band and can quite rightly boasts some of the most famous and highly successful bands in the world such as Black Dyke, Brighouse & Rastrick, Yorkshire Imperial, Yorkshire Building Society and Carlton Main Frickley
Around the time of the Norman conquest part of the staple diet of Yorkshire folk was wild boar. However, William the Conquerer was soon to decree that anyone found to have shot a wild boar would be punished with the loss of their eyes. Yorkshire has a long history beer making names such as Black Sheep, Copper Dragon more recently John Smiths and Theakstons. Brewing on a large scale can be traced back to the 12th century. The derelict Fountains Abbey at its height produced 60 barrels of strong ale every ten days! There are several dishes which originated in Yorkshire - Yorkshire Pudding, a savoury batter dish, commonly served with roast beef and vegetables to form part of England's traditional,Sunday lunch. Yorkshire curd tart, Parkin, Wensleydale Cheese. Pikelets (similar to crumpets but much thinner) Ginger Beer, Pontefract Cakes (Liquorice sweets) Chocolate factories were many in Yorkshire we all know the names of Rowntree's Terry's and Thortons. The oldest sweet shop in the country is situated at Pateley Bridge where sweets can be found that have not been seen in most shops for centuries. Yorkshire even has a blend of tea named after it!!
Championship Dog Shows the Driffield Championship Show has been held at Doncaster Racecourse for many years but in recent times has moved to Wetherby Racecourse. We must not forget that Yorkshire has its very own Yorkshire Terrier