LANCASHIRE, YORKSHIRE & CHESHIRE
BHC
The Lancashire, Yorkshire & Cheshire Basset Hound Club

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The Lancashire, Yorkshire & Cheshire Basset Hound Club (LYC BHC) is registered with the Kennel Club (KC) and abides by KC guidelines. It holds all its shows in accordance with KC rules and regulations and endorses the good canine practices that the KC promotes. The LYC BHC firmly believes in the KC slogan "fit for function, fit for
life". It provides its members with the knowledge and education necessary to ensure that Basset Hounds live healthy and happy lives with well-informed and experienced owners.
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A North West county established in 1182 named from the city of Lancaster, its name abbreviated to Lancs and its people became known as Lancastrians, thought to have begun in the 12th century. The Wars of the Roses they were intermittent civil wars between 1455 and 1485 several sporadic episodes were fought for the throne of England between the supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet, the houses of Lancaster (red rose) and York (White rose) both tracing their descent from King Edward III. The final victory went to a remote Lancastrian Henry Tudor who defeated the last Yorkist King Richard III. Henry later married Edward IV’s daughter Elizabeth to unite the two houses. The House of Tudor ruled England and Wales for 117 years. The title Duchy of Lancaster (only two royal duchies remain in the UK the other being the Duchy of Cornwall) having large landholdings in the region operates to this day as a property company in the county. The Sovereign’s second son holds the title of Duke of Lancaster.
Lancashire - a brief history
The traditional eclipse of the North West by its more powerful northern neighbour was to change in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Important developments in the Industrial Revolution took place in North West England. Prior to the 1770s textile production was nothing more than a cottage industry, practised in houses, girls and women could make enough yarn for the man’s loom, however, demand would soon overtake supply because of pressure from Indian calico and the invention of the flying shuttle patented in 1733 by Lancastrian John Kay which made a loom twice as productive. In 1779 Samuel Crompton  invented the spinning mule or mule jenny, it was a hybrid of Arkwright 's water frame  and Hargreaves  spinning jenny .
Industrial Revolution
Lancashire emerged in the Industrial Revolution as a major commercial and industrial region.  There were several hundred mill towns and collieries and by the 1830s approximately 85% of all cotton manufactured worldwide was processed in Lancashire.  The present day Lancashire is much smaller than originally following several major government reforms becoming fragmented when Merseyside, Greater Manchester and the new county of Cumbria were introduced. By 1971 the population was 5,129,416 making it then the most populous geographic county in the UK.
The mule produced strong, thin yarn , suitable for any kind of textile . It was first used to spin cotton , then other fibres. Many areas around the Pennines were perfect for the building of cotton factories. The mule provided the mechanisation and the original factories needed a constant power supply and the fast flowing rivers in the Pennines provided this.
In later years coal provided this power - this was also found in large quantities in the north of England. The factories also needed a work force and the population in the northern cities provided this, especially as many families had been engaged in the domestic system prior to the industrialisation that occurred in the north. There was therefore a ready supply of skilled weavers and spinners.
The development of the Lancashire coal reserves took place at a later date than in other parts of the British Isles.  In the middle of the 16th Century the inhabitants still burned turf when they could not get timber, in complete oblivion of the coal seams which ran beneath their land.  There is evidence that when the expansion came, it was rapid. The first known commencement of coal mining in an organised way was in 1521 when Lord Derby granted a lease of mines in Whiston. In the South West corner of the County, the industry appears to have developed extensively at the end of Elizabeth 1st's reign, with the coming of ships to the Mersey to load coal for the Irish market.  Shipments from Liverpool increased from about 300 tons a year between 1563 and 1599 to about 1,200 tons between 1611 and 1621, and to more than 4,000 before the Civil War.  Exports did not increase further for some time after the Civil War because the local demand grew. Initially, crop coals were worked by excavation of small pits up to 25 feet in depth.  Towards the latter part of the 16th Century, the pits were being sunk to a depth of 70 to 120 feet.  The usual cost of the shaft was £50.00 to £100.00.
The normal custom was to work coal outwards from the shaft until the roof showed signs of collapse and then the shaft was abandoned.  The coal was filled into corves (circular baskets) and placed on wooden sleds and dragged to the shaft bottom.  Horse gins were usually used for winding the coal.  No artificial ventilation was attempted. This method of working prevailed right through until the commencement of deeper shafts, which were sunk from about 1800. The coalfield expanded rapidly from about 1820 and the Northern part of the field was heavily worked prior to 1930 in the areas of profitable seams lying at relatively shallow depths. At the peak of working in 1907, there were approximately 320 collieries operating in Lancashire producing some 26 million tons of coal per year and employing 94,300 men.
Manchester is situated in the south-central part of North West England , fringed by the Cheshire Plain  to the south and the Pennines  to the north and east. The recorded history of Manchester  began with the civilian vicus associated with the Roman fort  of Mamucium which was established c.  AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock  and Irwell . Historically , most of the city was a part of Lancashire , although areas south of the River Mersey were in Cheshire . Throughout the Middle Ages  Manchester remained amanorial  township , but began expanding "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century as part of a process of unplanned urbanisation brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution.
The urbanisation of Manchester largely coincided with the Industrial Revolution  and the Victorian era, resulting in it becoming the world's first industrialised city. As the result of an early-19th century factory building boom, Manchester was transformed from a township into a major mill town , borough  and in the 1840s this city became an international symbol for a new industrial age, it was later granted honorific city status in 1853. During this time Manchester became a centre for industry, and at its height Manchester would generate wealth to rival London itself. Manchester was the site of the world's first railway station.

The complicated social changes that came with industrialisation also have roots in this area. The Labour Party came into being in Bradford, north east of Manchester, in 1893. A Bradford labour union sponsored Alderman Ben Tillet in the parliamentary election of 1892. Tillet lost, but the following year Keir Hardy (left) chaired a meeting of labour organisations in Bradford, and set up the Independent Labour Party. Manchester hosted the first meeting of the Trades Union Congress and is where scientists first split the atom  and developed the first programmable computer
Another accolade on July 25 1978 the birth of the world's first "test tube baby" was announced in Manchester. Louise Brown was born shortly before midnight in Oldham and District General Hospital. The technique known as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) was pioneered by consultant gynaecologist Patrick Steptoe ( later Professor Patrick Steptoe) and Cambridge research physiologist Dr. Robert Edwards such was the success of this research by the time Louise Brown celebrated her 21st birthday in 1999, 300,000 women worldwide had conceived through IVF.
Manchester is probably the 3rd largest city in the UK after London and Birmingham, after the merger of Manchester University and Umist, it is now acknowledged as having the largest student population in Europe.  The University is world renowned for its Egyptology in 1906 Margaret Murray and her team did the first unwrapping of mummy 1770, some 70 years later Dr Rosalie David (now Professor Rosalie David OBE) and her team of experts including Superintendent Radiographer Miss Hilary Jarvis, unwrapped mummy 1770 in the operating theatre at Manchester University Medical School using non-destructive methods.  The work carried out is still known today worldwide as the Manchester Method.  Apparently at the biomedical centre they hold approximately 2,000 samples of tissue assembled from various institutions around the world.
Professionals such as William Walton, Sir Thomas Beecham and Leslie Stuart came from the county. Who has not heard of Chetham’s Music School, the Royal Manchester College of Music (1893) and the Northern College of Music (1920) merged to form the Royal Northern College of Music in 1972. We shouldn’t forget the county has played a major part in the development of brass bands, especially in the working class areas where two very well-known bands were based - the Besses O’ the Barn and the Co-operative Brass Band. Manchester held the first open competition for brass bands from 1853 which continued well into the 1880s. The Hallé Orchestra founded in Manchester by Sir Charles Hallé in 1858 is Britains longest established professional symphony orchestra.
Landscape

Lancashire has something for everyone, much of the lowland area is devoted to dairy farming and cheesemaking, the higher ground is more suitable for sheep farming and the highest ground is uncultivated moorland. There is a large area of rugged unspoilt countryside covering 312 sq miles is part of the main Pennine range and perfect for gentle walks, with its many charming stone villages. People have lived there for around 3,000 years. The county has spectacular views of the Ribble Valley and Bowland from Pendle Hill, Downham, barely altered since the 16th century.  The historic villages of Arnside and Silverdale sit snugly on the coastline of Morecambe Bay.  Lancashire has something for everyone when it comes to visitors, Arnside has a pretty Victorian parade of shops along the promenade, the coaching hamlet of Hornby, and the imposing Grade-1 listed Castle its beginnings dating back to Roman times. There are two high points within the county one is Coniston Old Man in the Lake District at 803 m (2,634 ft) and the other is the highest point of the M62 motorway at Windy Hill near Saddleworth being 372 m (1221 ft) above sea level. We mustn’t forget the imposing coastline of Lancashire, Blackpool pleasure beach and its famous tower on the seafront. To the north is Morecombe and Fleetwood to the south  Lytham with its Championship Golf course and St Annes with its restored Victorian pier originally built in 1885. Heaton Park is recognized as one of the biggest municipal public parks in Europe. Wigan Pier is the name given today to the area around the canal at the bottom of the Wigan flight of locks on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal and has become a tourist attraction over recent years.
Morecombe Bay  
Fleetwood  
Royal Lytham Golf Course  
St Anne's Pier
Wigan Pier  
Leisure
Lancashire has a large and diverse culture it is known worldwide for its love of sports and its sportsmen - Cricket the Lancashire Cricket Club, Football - home of the oldest clubs Accrington Stanley, two Premier League  football teams, Manchester City  and Manchester United  both of whom hold English football blue ribbon  competitions of the FA Cup  and the Premier League respectively. Manchester hosted the 2002 Commonwealth games and the amazing velodrome has hosted many cycling championships since. Also world known for its rugby league maybe not so well know archery, as well as professional wrestling.
The county has a long tradition of music making; ballads, sea shanties, wassailing songs and folk songs there are many festivals where clog dancing was also enjoyed. The area has produced world class singers, pop groups, actors and comedians including probably the most noted of all Gracie Fields DBE, along with George Formby, Frankie Vaughan, Lita Roza and Kathleen Ferrier CBE, the Beatles, Gerry & the Pacemakers, The Searchers, Freddie and the Dreamers, Herman’s Hermits, The Hollies, Cilla Black and Billy Fury, Ken Dodd and Notty Ash, the duo Morecombe and Wise the list goes on. Last but by no means least, Lancashire gave us the artist, L.S. Lowry and his famous matchstick men.
Cuisine
A very diverse cuisine with echos of its  varied history and influences although Lancashire is noted for its Hotpot, a casserole dish made with lamb, also Bury Black Pudding other food products synonymous with the area are - Black pea, Butter Cake, Chorley cakes, Eccles Cakes etc., and of course, Lancashire cheese. The very first fish and chip shop opened in Mossley near Oldham around 1863.  we must not forget that if you want a mint in Lancashire then it must be one of “Uncle Joe’s Mint Balls
Dog Connections
In the world of dogs Manchester Championship Show known as the ‘Northern Classic’ was held for many years at Belle Vue, an area know for its Zoo and Pleasure Gardens as well as Dog Racing, Motorbike Racing and Wrestling.  Sadly most of this area has been re-developed.  The Dog Show is still run today but having moved round the County to various sites which apparently proved unsuccessful it is now resident at Stafford Show Ground. There is a breed of dog called the Manchester Terrier and another called a Lancashire Heeler. Lancashire is also the home of Our Dogs Publishing Limited one of two well-known weekly dog papers. This paragraph cannot be closed without mentioning the oldest Dog’s Home in the Country - Manchester & Cheshire Dogs Home.  Manchester is the oldest urban Dog’s home having started taking in strays in 1893 and in 1999 bought a site in Cheshire which is ultra-modern which includes a private chapel and pet crematorium called  Farewells.
Looks can be deceptive!!!
Looking like a pair of down and outs, hoping they will soon be rescued and longing to be taken to the dogs home! Nothing could be further from the truth!
They live in the 'lap of luxury' and are very much loved by our Chairman Dennis and Secretary Margaret. Photographed below in their natural habitat!
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